Ireland as seen from the International Space Station

Leaving Cert Geography

For their Leaving Certificate, students of Geography will need to be competent in a wide range of Geographical topics.

Physical Geography

This requires students to examine the physical world around us. We will focus on the development of landforms and how we, as humans, interact with them. This is studied through a coherent examination of plate tectonics through to the creation of volcanic landforms. This section also examines the development of glacial, fluvial and coastal landforms. The students gain a great understanding of our changing world by scrutinising the different rock types, with specific examples. The final section of Physical Geography is creating and responding to OS Maps. This activity helps the students to gain a better sense of the area and its potential for development or protection.

Economic Geography

This section helps the student to gain a better understanding of the globalised nature of the world we live. We examine the development of a studied nation, from its colonisation right through to its rebirth as an independent, yet globalised. state. This section also includes a close study of a Conflict of Interest which allows the students to see difference perspectives; the need to develop an area for economic gain or the need to protect the environment for future generations. This section also focuses on the role of the EU in Ireland’s development, especially its role in the primary economic sector. The CAP & CFP have played a central role in our region and this section allows the student to understand how these policies have influenced our everyday lives. The final element of this section is a studied MNC. This chapter focuses on one multinational company and we examine how/why this company chooses its locals in an attempt to maximise profits, while reducing costs.

Regional Geography

In the Regional section, students will focus on studied core and peripheral regions in Europe and in Ireland. This is with the aim of understanding the factors that have contributed to the relative success/failures of primary, secondary and tertiary economic activities in these regions. The students will also choose a Sub-Continental region and they will examine the factors that have contributed to the human, economic and physical characteristics of this region. The final chapters of this section focus on the changing political boundaries in studied regions and we examine how these changing boundaries can influence everyday life in these areas.


This section focuses on a studied Biome and a studied Soil that the students will choose. For this section, the students will study their chosen biome and examine the relationship between; soils, climate, flora and fauna in this biome. The students will also examine a studied soil and consider the characteristics of this chosen soil type. Finally, the students will closely observe and explain the impacts of human interaction with this chosen soil and biome. This is important as it helps the student to gain a better realisation of the impact that our actions have on the environment.

Geographical Investigation (Fieldwork)

This section allows the students to take their studied skills out of the classroom and into the natural environment. We go to a river site and examine the fluvial processes at work here. Once we have completed our various tasks, we compile a comprehensive report detailing our activities. This booklet is filled out in 6th year and it is included in your final Leaving Certificate result. There are 100m marks allocated for the completion of this booklet.